Ciconia / A New Markdown Parser for #PHP

Extending Ciconia

How to Extend

Creating extension is easy, just implement Ciconia\Extension\ExtensionInterface.

Your class must implement 2 methods.

  • void register(Ciconia\Markdown $markdown)
  • string getName()

void register(Ciconia\Markdown $markdown)

Register your callback to markdown event manager. Ciconia\Markdown is instance of Ciconia\Event\EmitterInterface (looks like Node.js's EventEmitter)

string getName()

Returns the name of your extension. If your name is the same as one of core extension, it will be replaced by your extension.

Extension Example


use Ciconia\Common\Text;
use Ciconia\Extension\ExtensionInterface;

class MentionExtension implements ExtensionInterface

     * {@inheritdoc}
    public function register(\Ciconia\Markdown $markdown)
        $markdown->on('inline', [$this, 'processMentions']);

     * @param Text $text
    public function processMentions(Text $text)
        // Turn @username into [@username](
        $text->replace('/(?:^|[^a-zA-Z0-9.])@([A-Za-z]+[A-Za-z0-9]+)/', function (Text $w, Text $username) {
            return '[@' . $username . '](' . $username . ')';

     * {@inheritdoc}
    public function getName()
        return 'mention';

Register your extension.


require __DIR__ . '/vendor/autoload.php';

$ciconia = new \Ciconia\Ciconia();
$ciconia->addExtension(new MentionExtension());
echo $ciconia->render('@kzykhys my email address is!');


<p><a href="">@kzykhys</a> my email address is!</p>

Each extension handles string as a Text object.

See API section of kzykhys/Text


Possible events are:

Event Description
initialize Document level parsing. Called at the first of the sequence.
block Block level parsing. Called after initialize
inline Inline level parsing. Generally called by block level parsers.
detab Convert tabs to spaces. Generally called by block level parsers.
outdent Remove one level of line-leading tabs or spaces. Generally called by block level parsers.
finalize Called after block

See the source code of Extensions See events and timing information

Create your own Renderer

Ciconia supports HTML/XHTML output. but if you prefer customizing the output, just create a class that implements Ciconia\Renderer\RendererInterface.

See the source code of RendererInterface

Please let me know if you create an extension.

@kzykhys on twitter

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